Differences between revisions 102 and 103
Revision 102 as of 2008-05-08 09:41:40
Size: 8421
Editor: schilly
Comment:
Revision 103 as of 2008-05-08 09:44:46
Size: 2906
Editor: schilly
Comment:
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 13: Line 13:

== Miscellaneous Graphics ==

=== Catalog of 3D Parametric Plots ===
{{{
var('u,v')
plots = ['Two Interlinked Tori', 'Star of David', 'Double Heart',
         'Heart', 'Green bowtie', "Boy's Surface", "Maeder's Owl",
         'Cross cap']
plots.sort()

@interact
def _(example=selector(plots, buttons=True, nrows=2),
      tachyon=("Raytrace", False), frame = ('Frame', False),
      opacity=(1,(0.1,1))):
    url = ''
    if example == 'Two Interlinked Tori':
        f1 = (4+(3+cos(v))*sin(u), 4+(3+cos(v))*cos(u), 4+sin(v))
        f2 = (8+(3+cos(v))*cos(u), 3+sin(v), 4+(3+cos(v))*sin(u))
        p1 = parametric_plot3d(f1, (u,0,2*pi), (v,0,2*pi), color="red", opacity=opacity)
        p2 = parametric_plot3d(f2, (u,0,2*pi), (v,0,2*pi), color="blue",opacity=opacity)
        P = p1 + p2
    elif example == 'Star of David':
        f_x = cos(u)*cos(v)*(abs(cos(3*v/4))^500 + abs(sin(3*v/4))^500)^(-1/260)*(abs(cos(4*u/4))^200 + abs(sin(4*u/4))^200)^(-1/200)
        f_y = cos(u)*sin(v)*(abs(cos(3*v/4))^500 + abs(sin(3*v/4))^500)^(-1/260)*(abs(cos(4*u/4))^200 + abs(sin(4*u/4))^200)^(-1/200)
        f_z = sin(u)*(abs(cos(4*u/4))^200 + abs(sin(4*u/4))^200)^(-1/200)
        P = parametric_plot3d([f_x, f_y, f_z], (u, -pi, pi), (v, 0, 2*pi),opacity=opacity)
    elif example == 'Double Heart':
        f_x = ( abs(v) - abs(u) - abs(tanh((1/sqrt(2))*u)/(1/sqrt(2))) + abs(tanh((1/sqrt(2))*v)/(1/sqrt(2))) )*sin(v)
        f_y = ( abs(v) - abs(u) - abs(tanh((1/sqrt(2))*u)/(1/sqrt(2))) - abs(tanh((1/sqrt(2))*v)/(1/sqrt(2))) )*cos(v)
        f_z = sin(u)*(abs(cos(4*u/4))^1 + abs(sin(4*u/4))^1)^(-1/1)
        P = parametric_plot3d([f_x, f_y, f_z], (u, 0, pi), (v, -pi, pi),opacity=opacity)
    elif example == 'Heart':
        f_x = cos(u)*(4*sqrt(1-v^2)*sin(abs(u))^abs(u))
        f_y = sin(u) *(4*sqrt(1-v^2)*sin(abs(u))^abs(u))
        f_z = v
        P = parametric_plot3d([f_x, f_y, f_z], (u, -pi, pi), (v, -1, 1), frame=False, color="red",opacity=opacity)
    elif example == 'Green bowtie':
        f_x = sin(u) / (sqrt(2) + sin(v))
        f_y = sin(u) / (sqrt(2) + cos(v))
        f_z = cos(u) / (1 + sqrt(2))
        P = parametric_plot3d([f_x, f_y, f_z], (u, -pi, pi), (v, -pi, pi), frame=False, color="green",opacity=opacity)
    elif example == "Boy's Surface":
        url = "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boy's_surface"
        fx = 2/3* (cos(u)* cos(2*v) + sqrt(2)* sin(u)* cos(v))* cos(u) / (sqrt(2) - sin(2*u)* sin(3*v))
        fy = 2/3* (cos(u)* sin(2*v) - sqrt(2)* sin(u)* sin(v))* cos(u) / (sqrt(2) - sin(2*u)* sin(3*v))
        fz = sqrt(2)* cos(u)* cos(u) / (sqrt(2) - sin(2*u)* sin(3*v))
        P = parametric_plot3d([fx, fy, fz], (u, -2*pi, 2*pi), (v, 0, pi), plot_points = [90,90], frame=False, color="orange",opacity=opacity)
    elif example == "Maeder's Owl":
        fx = v *cos(u) - 0.5* v^2 * cos(2* u)
        fy = -v *sin(u) - 0.5* v^2 * sin(2* u)
        fz = 4 *v^1.5 * cos(3 *u / 2) / 3
        P = parametric_plot3d([fx, fy, fz], (u, -2*pi, 2*pi), (v, 0, 1),plot_points = [90,90], frame=False, color="purple",opacity=opacity)
    elif example =='Cross cap':
        url = 'http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-cap'
        fx = (1+cos(v))*cos(u)
        fy = (1+cos(v))*sin(u)
        fz = -tanh((2/3)*(u-pi))*sin(v)
        P = parametric_plot3d([fx, fy, fz], (u, 0, 2*pi), (v, 0, 2*pi), frame=False, color="red",opacity=opacity)
    else:
        print "Bug selecting plot?"
        return


    html('<h2>%s</h2>'%example)
    if url:
        html('<h3><a target="_new" href="%s">%s</a></h3>'%(url,url))
    show(P, viewer='tachyon' if tachyon else 'jmol', frame=frame)
}}}

attachment:parametricplot3d.png

=== Interactive rotatable raytracing with Tachyon3d ===

{{{
C = cube(color=['red', 'green', 'blue'], aspect_ratio=[1,1,1],
         viewer='tachyon') + sphere((1,0,0),0.2)
@interact
def example(theta=(0,2*pi), phi=(0,2*pi), zoom=(1,(1,4))):
    show(C.rotate((0,0,1), theta).rotate((0,1,0),phi), zoom=zoom)
}}}


attachment:tachyonrotate.png


=== Interactive 3d plotting ===
{{{
var('x,y')
@interact
def example(clr=Color('orange'), f=4*x*exp(-x^2-y^2), xrange='(-2, 2)', yrange='(-2,2)',
    zrot=(0,pi), xrot=(0,pi), zoom=(1,(1/2,3)), square_aspect=('Square Frame', False),
    tachyon=('Ray Tracer', True)):
    xmin, xmax = sage_eval(xrange); ymin, ymax = sage_eval(yrange)
    P = plot3d(f, (x, xmin, xmax), (y, ymin, ymax), color=clr)
    html('<h1>Plot of $f(x,y) = %s$</h1>'%latex(f))
    aspect_ratio = [1,1,1] if square_aspect else [1,1,1/2]
    show(P.rotate((0,0,1), -zrot).rotate((1,0,0),xrot),
         viewer='tachyon' if tachyon else 'jmol',
         figsize=6, zoom=zoom, frame=False,
         frame_aspect_ratio=aspect_ratio)
}}}


attachment:tachyonplot3d.png

[[Anchor(eggpaint)]]

=== Somewhat Silly Egg Painter ===
by Marshall Hampton (refereed by William Stein)
{{{
var('s,t')
g(s) = ((0.57496*sqrt(121 - 16.0*s^2))/sqrt(10.+ s))
def P(color, rng):
    return parametric_plot3d((cos(t)*g(s), sin(t)*g(s), s), (s,rng[0],rng[1]), (t,0,2*pi), plot_points = [150,150], rgbcolor=color, frame = False, opacity = 1)
colorlist = ['red','blue','red','blue']
@interact
def _(band_number = selector(range(1,5)), current_color = Color('red')):
    html('<h1 align=center>Egg Painter</h1>')
    colorlist[band_number-1] = current_color
    egg = sum([P(colorlist[i],[-2.75+5.5*(i/4),-2.75+5.5*(i+1)/4]) for i in range(4)])
    show(egg)
}}}
attachment:eggpaint.png
 * [:interact/graphics:Drawing Graphics]

Sage Interactions

Post code that demonstrates the use of the interact command in Sage here. It should be easy to just scroll through and paste examples out of here into their own sage notebooks.If you have suggestions on how to improve interact, add them [:interactSuggestions: here] or email [email protected].

  • [:interact/graph_theory:Graph Theory]
  • [:interact/calculus:Calculus]
  • [:interact/diffeq:Differential Equations]
  • [:interact/linear_algebra:Linear Algebra]
  • [:interact/algebra:Algebra]
  • [:interact/number_theory:Number Theory]
  • [:interact/web:Web Applications]
  • [:interact/bio:Bioinformatics]
  • [:interact/graphics:Drawing Graphics]

Miscellaneous

Profile a snippet of code

html('<h2>Profile the given input</h2>')
import cProfile; import profile
@interact
def _(cmd = ("Statement", '2 + 2'), 
      do_preparse=("Preparse?", True), cprof =("cProfile?", False)):
    if do_preparse: cmd = preparse(cmd)
    print "<html>"  # trick to avoid word wrap
    if cprof:
        cProfile.run(cmd)
    else:
        profile.run(cmd)
    print "</html>"

attachment:profile.png

Evaluate a bit of code in a given system

by William Stein (there is no way yet to make the text box big):

@interact
def _(system=selector([('sage0', 'Sage'), ('gp', 'PARI'), ('magma', 'Magma')]), code='2+2'):
    print globals()[system].eval(code)

attachment:evalsys.png

A Random Walk

by William Stein

html('<h1>A Random Walk</h1>')
vv = []; nn = 0
@interact
def foo(pts = checkbox(True, "Show points"), 
        refresh = checkbox(False, "New random walk every time"),
        steps = (50,(10..500))):
    # We cache the walk in the global variable vv, so that
    # checking or unchecking the points checkbox doesn't change
    # the random walk. 
    html("<h2>%s steps</h2>"%steps)
    global vv
    if refresh or len(vv) == 0:
        s = 0; v = [(0,0)]
        for i in range(steps): 
             s += random() - 0.5
             v.append((i, s)) 
        vv = v
    elif len(vv) != steps:
        # Add or subtract some points
        s = vv[-1][1]; j = len(vv)
        for i in range(steps - len(vv)):
            s += random() - 0.5
            vv.append((i+j,s))
        v = vv[:steps]
    else:
        v = vv
    L = line(v, rgbcolor='#4a8de2')
    if pts: L += points(v, pointsize=10, rgbcolor='red')
    show(L, xmin=0, figsize=[8,3])

attachment:randomwalk.png

3D Random Walk

@interact
def rwalk3d(n=(50,1000), frame=True):
    pnt = [0,0,0]
    v = [copy(pnt)]
    for i in range(n):
        pnt[0] += random()-0.5
        pnt[1] += random()-0.5
        pnt[2] += random()-0.5
        v.append(copy(pnt))
    show(line3d(v,color='black'),aspect_ratio=[1,1,1],frame=frame)

attachment:randomwalk3d.png

interact (last edited 2020-06-02 15:23:26 by kcrisman)