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 * Extensive support for arithmetic with a range of different models of p-adic arithmetic.

What SAGE Can Do

This is a high-level overview and list of functionality that is easily available from the standard SAGE interface. (The intended reader has never heard of Maxima, GAP, Singular, Givaro, etc.)


  • SAGE has fairly complete symbolic manipulation capabilities, including symbolic and numerical integration, differentiation, limits, etc.

Coding theory

  • A wide range of basic functionality.

Commutative Algebra

  • Fast computation of Groebner basis.


  • Classical ciphers are well supported.

Elementary Education

  • The SAGE notebook (a graphical interface) is a useful tool for basic math education because of its flexible visualization/output capabilities.

Finite Fields

  • Very fast arithmetic over finite fields and extensions of finite fields (especially up to cardinality 2^16).

Graphical Interface

  • A web-browser based graphical interface, which anybody can easily use or share. The GUI can also be used for any math software that SAGE interfaces with.
  • A wiki with math typesetting preconfigured.

Group Theory

  • Permutations groups
  • Abelian groups
  • Matrix groups (in particular, classical groups over finite fields)


  • Interpreter interfaces to Axiom, CoCoA, GAP, KASH, Macaulay2, Magma, Maple, Mathematica, Matlab, Maxima, MuPAD, Octave, and Singular.
  • C/C++-library interfaces to NTL, PARI, Linbox, and mwrank.

Linear Algebra

  • Compute the reduced row echelon form of e.g. dense 20,000x20,000 matrices over GF(2) in seconds and 50MB of RAM.
  • Computation of reduced row echelon forms of sparse matrices.
  • Fast matrix multiplication, characteristic polynomial and echelon forms of dense matrices over QQ.

Number Theory

  • Compute Mordell-Weil groups of (many) elliptic curves using both invariants and algebraic 2-descents.
  • A wide range of number theoretic functions, e.g., euler_phi, primes enumeration, sigma, tau_qexp, etc.
  • Compute the number of points on an elliptic curve modulo p for all primes p less than a million in seconds.
  • Optimized implementation of the Schoof-Elkies-Atkin point counting algorithm for counting points modulo p when p is large.
  • An optimized modern quadratic Sieve for factoring integers n = p*q.
  • Modular symbols for general weight, character, Gamma1, and GammaH.
  • Modular forms for general weight >= 2, character, Gamma1, and GammaH.

Numerical Computation

  • Fast arithmetic and special functions with double precision real and complex numbers.
  • Matrix and vector arithmetic, QR decomposition, system solving.

p-adic Numbers

  • Extensive support for arithmetic with a range of different models of p-adic arithmetic.


  • SAGE provides 2d plotting functionality similar to Mathematica's.
  • SAGE provides limited 3d plotting via an included ray tracer.


  • State of the art support for computing with lattice polytopes.
  • Exact convex hulls in any dimension can be quickly computed (requires the optional polymake package).

cando (last edited 2008-11-14 13:42:15 by anonymous)