Sage FreeBSD 7.x and 8.x build notes for Sage 4.2
Note that this is a work-in-progress and not currently complete
Overall build environment differences
sh and /bin/sh are a POSIX shell, rather than bash.
make is the BSD make, not GNU make
- Install ports/shells/bash or ports/shells/bash3 (I used 4.0.24)
- Install ports/devel/gmake
- Install ports/lang/gcc43 - FreeBSD no longer ships with a Fortran compiler by default.
- Install ports/devel/autoconf262
- Install ports/converters/libiconv
Ensure POSIX semaphores are available. This is required for ecl (at least). These are not available by default before FreeBSD 7.3 or 8.0 and should be enabled by either kldload sem or building a kernel with options P1003_1B_SEMAPHORES. If they are not available, building ecl will fail with Bad system call.
It's possible there are other dependencies, I haven't tried building sage in a clean (tinderbox) environment.
On FreeBSD 8.x
FreeBSD 7.x hasn't been tested with Sage 4.2 but is expected to work.
- Unpack sage-4.2.tar
Unpack sage-4.2.patch which includes the following:
- Create symlinks to mask name differences.
ln -s /usr/local/bin/gmake local/bin/make
ln -s /usr/local/bin/bash local/bin/sh
ln -s /usr/local/bin/gcc43 local/bin/gcc
ln -s /usr/local/bin/g++43 local/bin/g++
ln -s /usr/local/bin/gfortran43 local/bin/gfortran
Various patches as described below into spkg/patches
- Build Sage
SAGE_PORT=yes SAGE_FORTRAN=/usr/local/bin/gfortran43 SAGE_FORTRAN_LIB=/usr/local/lib/gcc43/libgfortran.so gmake
Currently, the following tests fail on FreeBSD 8.0-rc1/amd64. Full logs at sage-4.2.freebsd8.0-amd64.test.log.
sage -t "devel/sage/doc/en/reference/coercion.rst" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/crypto/boolean_function.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/crypto/mq/sbox.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/crypto/mq/mpolynomialsystem.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/crypto/mq/sr.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/modules/free_module_element.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/quadratic_forms/binary_qf.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/quadratic_forms/constructions.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/plane_curves/projective_curve.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/generic/scheme.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/generic/projective_space.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/generic/affine_space.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/generic/algebraic_scheme.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/elliptic_curves/ell_field.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/elliptic_curves/ell_rational_field.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/elliptic_curves/ell_generic.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/elliptic_curves/ell_curve_isogeny.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/hyperelliptic_curves/jacobian_generic.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/hyperelliptic_curves/hyperelliptic_generic.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/hyperelliptic_curves/hyperelliptic_g2_generic.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/schemes/hyperelliptic_curves/invariants.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/symbolic/relation.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/symbolic/ring.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/libs/pari/gen.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/libs/symmetrica/sb.pxi" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/misc/getusage.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/modular/overconvergent/genus0.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/coding/linear_code.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/qqbar.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/integer.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/tests.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/fraction_field_element.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/fraction_field.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/symmetric_reduction.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/multi_polynomial_ring.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/symmetric_ideal.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/pbori.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/infinite_polynomial_ring.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/laurent_polynomial.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/multi_polynomial_ring_generic.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/multi_polynomial_libsingular.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/laurent_polynomial_ring.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/infinite_polynomial_element.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/groebner_fan.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/multi_polynomial_ideal.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/polynomial_singular_interface.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/toy_d_basis.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/multi_polynomial.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/rings/polynomial/polynomial_ring_constructor.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/ext/fast_eval.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/ext/fast_callable.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/categories/pushout.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/categories/map.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/matrix/matrix_space.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/matrix/constructor.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/matrix/matrix_sparse.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/matrix/matrix2.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/matrix/matrix_mpolynomial_dense.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/structure/parent.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/structure/coerce_actions.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/structure/element.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/structure/sage_object.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/structure/coerce.pyx" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/interfaces/sage0.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/lfunctions/sympow.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/sfa.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/schur.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/dual.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/powersum.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/ns_macdonald.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/homogeneous.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/monomial.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/elementary.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/sf/macdonald.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/q_analogues.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/combinat.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/partition.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/tableau.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/combinat/schubert_polynomial.py" sage -t "devel/sage/sage/plot/complex_plot.pyx"
The actual failures indicate that the port still needs significant work and include:
- Failed coercions in coercion.rst
- python/site-packages/sage/rings/polynomial/pbori.so runtime linking against the wrong C++ library.
- Invalid polymonials reported by scheme.py
- FreeBSD memory usage patch is incomplete
Notes on spkgs and attached patches
- The patch to base/sage-spkg enables the local patching that the rest of the patches rely on. Note that this patch is not intended to be merged into sage but provides a convenient mechanism to apply local patches without requiring that the spkg files are locally re-rolled.
- The patch to standard/deps ensures that bash is used. By default, gmake will use /bin/sh to execute commands and the patched line sources local/bin/sage-env - which includes the bash'ism 'source' instead of '.'. Whilst that file begins with a #! line invoking basg, because it must be sourced, it will actually execute in the invoking shell.
Various fixes to make it compile on FreeBSD
FreeBSD uses an '_fbsd' suffix on the ELF format supported by ld - prevents ld: unrecognised emulation mode: elf_x86_64 error during atlas build. Reported upstream as https://sourceforge.net/tracker/?func=detail&atid=379483&aid=2728930&group_id=23725
- Treat shared libraries the same as Linux - otherwise they aren't correctly detected by (eg) numpy. (sage-specific)
FreeBSD uses the same invocation as Linux to build shared libraries.
Patches (mostly taken from the FreeBSD port) to make gap compile on FreeBSD 8.x. These patches should be optional on FreeBSD/7.x.
Chase shared library name difference on FreeBSD. Sage local patch. Otherwise the gnutls build fails similar to:
gcc -std=gnu99 -shared .libs/gnutls_openssl.o .libs/openssl_compat.o -Wl,--whole-archive ../lgl/.libs/liblgnu.a ../lib/minitasn1/.libs/libminitasn1.a -Wl,--no-whole-archive -Wl,--rpath -Wl,/home/pjeremy/sage-3.4/local/lib -Wl,--rpath -Wl,/usr/local/lib -L/home/pjeremy/sage-3.4/spkg/build/gnutls-2.2.1.p1/src/lib/.libs -L/home/pjeremy/sage-3.4/local/lib -lgcrypt -L/usr/local/lib -lintl -liconv -lgpg-error -lgnutls -Wl,-soname -Wl,libgnutls-openssl.so.27 -o .libs/libgnutls-openssl.so.27 /usr/bin/ld: /home/pjeremy/sage-3.4/local/lib/libgcrypt.a(libgcrypt_la-visibility.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 can not be used when making a shared object; recompile with -fPIC /home/pjeremy/sage-3.4/local/lib/libgcrypt.a: could not read symbols: Bad value collect2: ld returned 1 exit status libtool: install: error: relink `libgnutls-openssl.la' with the above command before installing it make: *** [install-libLTLIBRARIES] Error 1 make: Leaving directory `/home/pjeremy/sage-3.4/spkg/build/gnutls-2.2.1.p1/src/libextra'
Add hooks to ensure that the local Sage versions of dependencies are used by FreeBSD. Otherwise you get:
BUILDING MATPLOTLIB matplotlib: 0.98.6svn python: 2.5.2 (r252:60911, Apr 1 2009, 08:50:05) [GCC 4.3.4 20090326 (prerelease)] platform: freebsd7 REQUIRED DEPENDENCIES numpy: no * You must install numpy 1.1 or later to build * matplotlib. Error building matplotlib package.
Add support for FreeBSD later than 6.x. Otherwise you get :
REQUIRED DEPENDENCIES Traceback (most recent call last): File "setup.py", line 119, in <module> if not check_for_numpy(): File "/home/pjeremy/sage-3.4/spkg/build/matplotlib-0.98.5.3rc0-svn6910.p3/src/setupext.py", line 499, in check_for_numpy add_base_flags(module) File "/home/pjeremy/sage-3.4/spkg/build/matplotlib-0.98.5.3rc0-svn6910.p3/src/setupext.py", line 320, in add_base_flags [os.path.join(p, 'include') for p in basedir[sys.platform] ]) KeyError: 'freebsd7' Error building matplotlib package.
gcc4.3 (though not gcc4.2) appears to define putchar() in a way that breaks the putchar() definitions inside ttconv. I couldn't quickly identify what the underlying cause was so I took the easy way out and undef'd the offending putchar() macro.
Individual character bounding boxes in AFM files do not have to be integral so convert each bounding box to a list of floats, rather than a list of ints. This corrects a problem where most of the tests would fail with ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10: '539.621'.
All three sub-patches are in #5873
__init__.py needs a sage-specific patch to prefer sage_fortran on FreeBSD.
By default, numpy references threaded atlas libraries, as well as a custom variant on the lapack library, on FreeBSD. The reasoning behind this is unclear - there is nothing in the numpy documentation to indicate whether a threaded or non-threaded atlas is needed and the publicly available SVN logs do not mention this code. A query to the numpy mailing list elicited a response that either threaded or non-threaded atlas can be used and suggesting that the special-casing for FreeBSD may be obsolete. By default, atlas is built non-threaded and r-2.6.1.p23 assumes a non-threaded atlas and fails when only the threaded libraries are installed. Based on this, the special casing for FreeBSD was removed from numpy - it now uses the same libraries irrespective of the host OS.
Pass CFLAGS, CPPFLAGS and LDFLAGS from the environment into the build process. This also corrects a typo in CPPFLAGS.
Note that FreeBSD needs the path to libiconv to be explicitly specified. In theory, --with-libiconv-prefix should work but configure script is broken and ignores that path when looking for libiconv. Hard-wire /usr/local/include and /usr/local/lib via xxFLAGS.
Note that the X11 detection in spkg-install will not work anywhere other than Linux. This needs future work.
These patches are all local to Sage.
Compiling sage/combinat/partitions_c.cc fails because FreeBSD 7.x does not define sqrtl (it was introduced in FreeBSD 8.0). As a hackish workaround, define sqrtl to be sqrt.
- FreeBSD does not include a definition for log2() in libm. Use a simplistic definition of log2(x) = log2(e) * ln(x) - this is numerically poor but can be cleaned up later if required.
Patch sage-spkg to apply local patches. This patch also disables deletion of the spkg/build/FOO temporary directories - which was useful during porting. This latter patch can be safely removed.